What is Implant Treatment? How is it done?Salih ÖNDER
Implant is one of the most commonly applied methods in the field of dentistry and its main goal is to replace the missing tooth in the mouth with an artificial tooth. This procedure, which is mostly the choice of those who do not want to use removable prosthetic teeth to eliminate tooth deficiency, can also be easily realized in case of a single missing tooth.
The screw-like material, which is made of titanium material, is placed in the jawbone and then the prosthetic tooth is placed on it. It is also important that the implant, which offers a perfect solution to the problem of missing teeth, can be used like a real tooth and is aesthetically very successful.
How is Implant Treatment Performed?
This treatment has been practiced for a very long time both in our country and around the world. Let us add that the procedure can be performed with several different techniques, and the most appropriate technique will be preferred by your dentist. The first method is to extract the tooth when it is not possible to save it and to place an implant in the resulting cavity without wasting time.
The tooth deficiency is eliminated in a very practical way. Since the artificial tooth is placed immediately after the extraction of the tooth, there is usually no incision in the soft tissue and no stitches are applied.
In another method, there is no need to open a flap. In this procedure, which is performed using a laser, a small cavity is made in the area to be treated. The implant is placed through this cavity. However, in order for this technique to be applied, the patient’s bone.
Otherwise, it will not be possible to securely attach the screw to the jawbone. If the condition of the patient’s jawbone is suitable, the application is completed in a single session. From this point of view, we can say that it is a practical technique for both the dentist and the patient.
There is another preferred technique when it comes to mini implants. In this method, the implant is applied directly through the mucosa. As you can imagine, in order for this method to be preferred, the patient’s bone tissue must be at an ideal level. At the same time, it should also be noted that it is not a very common dental screw technique.
The last method is the most common technique, especially for patients over a certain age. It requires a surgical intervention because a small gap needs to be made in the jawbone. The screw is then inserted and after a while a prosthetic tooth is placed on top. If the patient’s bone density is not at the desired level, bone transplantation is needed.
In this case, it is necessary to wait longer for the real prosthetic tooth to be placed. Because the bones must reach the appropriate density. Whether the bone density is appropriate or not can be determined with a simple X-ray. Advanced examinations are not required for this.
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What happens during the first implant treatment?
Those who have not had implants before may wonder what happens during the first examination. At this appointment, a general examination of the inside of the mouth is absolutely necessary. Your dentist should review whether there are decayed teeth, gum infections and similar problems.
This is followed by a general health assessment. It is discussed what the patient expects from this treatment. Millimetric measurements are made and implants of the appropriate length and diameter are planned. Then a date is set for the procedure.
What should be considered before getting dental implants?
At the first examination, you should discuss your expectations with your dentist. It is important to inform your dentist about your existing conditions and medications, if any. Remember that it is important to inform those who use medications with blood thinning properties. At the same time, it is important to take into account the warnings specified by the dentist after the implant in order to avoid serious problems in the future.
Regular use of prescribed medications and keeping the treated area clean are also important factors. If an unexpected situation develops, you should inform your dentist without wasting time. In this way, it will be possible to get an idea whether there is a problem or not.
What are the Benefits of Implant Application?
Missing teeth is one of the problems that must be solved. Most of the time, only 1 or 2 missing teeth are not given much importance. However, this situation may cause problems in the jawbone and other teeth over time. Therefore, implant application is a preferred technique in terms of preventing possible problems. For patients who cannot or do not want to use removable prosthesis, we can say that the screw tooth procedure is a solution.
This procedure is applied without any intervention to neighboring teeth. Neighboring teeth do not need to be cut or thinned. It can also be applied to patients with insufficient bone tissue. Bone support is provided so that a bone density that can hold the screw by the jawbone is achieved.
How Long Does Screwed Tooth Application Take?
It should be noted that the duration of the procedure varies depending on how many implants will be applied in the mouth and with which technique this procedure will be performed. We cannot talk about a fixed time frame that applies to every patient. However, to give you an idea, we can say that the placement of each implant takes around 10 minutes.
What is the Implant Compliance Process?
The implant adaptation process of patients may vary. The scope of the treatment also affects the adaptation process. While the adaptation process of patients may take a little longer when additional surgical applications are performed, this period is completed in a shorter time in the case of only a single screw tooth application.
Patients also need to wait when bone support is needed. This period can last up to 6 months. However, the procedure does not have a dimension that will complicate daily life and therefore business life and social life can be continued without any problems.
What is the Best Age for Implant Treatment?
In order for the implant application to be applied to the person, bone development is expected to be completed. This period can reach 16 years for women and 18 years for men. Therefore, the completion of bone development is considered as the lower age limit.
There is no upper age limit because the determining factor in advanced age is the condition of the bone tissue rather than age. If the bone is suitable, there is no obstacle to the implant. The frequently wondered factor is whether diabetes is an obstacle to screw teeth. Diabetes does not prevent the implant if the patient takes his/her medications regularly and goes to the controls.
In Which Cases Is Implant Not Performed?
Systemic disorders can prevent implantation. It may also be inconvenient to perform this procedure if cancer is diagnosed and the patient receives radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatment. You should consult your dentist to get clearer information on this subject.
Can Smokers Have Dental Implants?
Smokers can also have dental implants, but it should be added that it takes more time to heal in these people. It should not be forgotten that smoking damages oral and dental health as well as the respiratory system.
It should also be noted that the use of tobacco products can cause problems with the fusion of the screw with the bone after the application of the screw tooth. Therefore, it is of great importance that patients do not smoke and stay away from tobacco products at least during the healing process.
How much pain is felt during the implant procedure?
Since the area is numbed before the procedure, no pain is felt during the implant application. However, it is possible to feel mild pain after the application. The person’s pain threshold and how many screwed teeth are needed.
Some patients may experience very mild pain, while others may experience a little more pain. Of course, the technique used is also a determining factor. In the case of a screw-in dental procedure without incision, there is less pain. In cases such as incision or bone transplantation, the pain may be slightly greater.
Can Implant Treatment be Applied to Every Patient?
One of the most frequently asked questions is whether it is possible for everyone to benefit from implant application. First of all, let us state that the patient’s bone density must be sufficient for this procedure to be performed. If it is insufficient, the desired bone density can be obtained by bone transplantation.
The patient’s general health condition being suitable for this procedure is also among the conditions sought. This procedure cannot be performed if the patient has an uncontrolled systemic disease, has cancer or has recently undergone chemotherapy treatment.
Are Dental Implants Likely to Harm the Human Body?
Dental implants do not harm your human body. You may encounter information in this direction on the internet, but we should state that this information does not reflect the truth. The materials used in this technique, which was developed as a result of long-term research, are also compatible with the body. Only in very rare cases, the body may reject the screw thread. Apart from that, we can easily state that there are no materials or procedures that harm the human body.
It is also not true that the implant damages the neighboring teeth. On the contrary, it is out of the question for the implant applied without any intervention to the neighboring teeth to cause such damage. You can benefit from this procedure with peace of mind to eliminate the problem of missing teeth and you can be sure that it is a procedure that does not harm your body.
Are Dental Implants Long Lasting?
Many different types of implants can be used in Turkey. Their lifespan may vary. Of course, how much importance the patient attaches to oral and dental hygiene is also an important factor in terms of lifespan. Titanium or zirconium are materials with extremely high mechanical durability. They can also exhibit high resistance to fracture.
For this reason, it becomes possible to use them as a real tooth without any problems. Their service life is between 20 and 30 years. In case of paying attention to oral and dental health and regular dental check-ups, they can be used for a longer period of time.
How Much Are Implant Prices?
We cannot talk about a clear implant price. Many factors such as how many implants will be placed in the mouth and whether additional procedures are required affect the prices. For this reason, it may be misleading to give you price information without an examination. If you make an appointment and undergo a simple examination, the necessary planning is made by the dentist and the price is determined and communicated to you.
How is a screwless implant done?
In the process called screwless implant, artificial teeth are fixed in the mouth without screwing process. The material used is titanium again. However, this material is placed in a small cavity opened without screwing into the jawbone. In this way, the risk of the prosthesis moving is eliminated and the problem of missing teeth is also solved. However, it should be added that this screwless procedure is not suitable for every patient.
What are the Symptoms of a Failed Implant?
The implant application performed by an experienced dentist is very unlikely to fail. However, sometimes, even if the dentist is experienced, there may be problems with the screw tooth holding in the area where it is placed. In general, we can say that the procedure is unsuccessful if the screw does not remain fixed in the region and cannot hold on. In such cases, the following complaints are experienced:
- Dislocation of the implant
Of course, it is important for those who experience such complaints to consult a dentist and ensure that the problem is eliminated. At this point, the question that comes to mind is the reasons why the implant cannot hold. We can give a few examples to these reasons:
This is when the implant is perceived by the body as a foreign substance. When the body rejects it, the screw cannot hold and must therefore be removed.
In this procedure, the screw must be placed in the correct position. If a mistake is made during placement, the screw will not be able to hold.
Insufficient Bone Tissue
There must be sufficient bone tissue in the area where the screw is inserted. Otherwise, the bone tissue will not support the screw and in this case, there will be a problem with the screw holding.
A severe blow to the jaw area in the early days of the procedure can also cause the screw to lose its position.
Lack of Maintenance
It is important to clean the area where the screw is inserted regularly. Otherwise, the bacteria that accumulate here may also prevent the implant from holding on.
Is It Possible to Implant All Teeth?
In case there are no teeth in the mouth, total implant application comes into play. However, we should state that there must be enough jawbone tissue for this procedure to be performed. Alternative solutions can also be preferred if all teeth are lost.
Removable prosthesis or partial prosthesis procedures can also be attractive solutions for the patient. However, we should add that if the screw-in tooth application is preferred and the bone tissue is sufficient, it can also be applied in the implant. If 8 implants are placed in each jaw, all artificial teeth can be attached. There is no need to use separate screws for each tooth.
Are There Any Drawbacks to Having Implants at a Young Age?
If bone formation is complete, implant procedure can be performed at a young age. The young age of the patient does not necessarily mean that the bone tissue is sufficient for this procedure. For this reason, X-rays should be taken and bone tissue should be reviewed before making a definite planning in young patients. Then, the planning and application stages can be started respectively.
What are the Implant Brands?
We can give the following examples of implant brands that are frequently preferred in Turkey:
Does a tooth on an implant look like a natural tooth?
Of course, the tooth made on the implant exhibits an extremely natural appearance. A meticulous work is carried out to ensure that the prepared artificial tooth is compatible with the patient’s other teeth. Therefore, patients do not have any complaints about the natural appearance. The artificial teeth used in this application look just like a real tooth.
What are the situations where implantation is not possible?
Implantation is not possible in the following cases:
- Some heart diseases
- Problems with blood clotting
- Rheumatic diseases
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Some problems in the anatomy of the jawbone
- The patient has a health problem that may prevent surgical intervention
- Recent chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment
Are Implants Rejected by the Body?
The material used in implant application in our country is titanium, like the material used abroad. Titanium is a tissue-friendly material, but sometimes the body may perceive this material as foreign and reject it.
We can say that this situation is rare. At the same time, infections that occur before the healing period is completed can also cause problems. As a result, rejection of implants by the body is rare but possible.
Do Dental Implants Cause Cancer?
One of the misinformation that can be encountered on the internet is that implant application causes cancer. However, this is not the case. So far, there has not been a single case of cancer caused by a screw tooth.
Is an implant tooth reliable and how long does it last?
The lifespan of an implant tooth, which is an extremely reliable procedure, varies from person to person. The brand of the implant used, how much importance the patient attaches to oral and dental hygiene are the main factors that determine this issue. However, we can generally say that their lifespan is between 20 and 30 years.
How to Care for Implant Teeth?
Having an implant in the mouth means that oral and dental hygiene should not be neglected. Teeth should be brushed regularly and the interdental spaces should be cleaned perfectly with dental floss. We can even say that oral and dental hygiene should be given more importance due to the presence of the implant.
It is also important not to neglect regular oral and dental check-ups. Breaking and biting acidic substances or hard foods with teeth can damage artificial teeth just like real teeth. It is important to avoid these habits. It should be added that the artificial teeth used in the procedure may also turn yellow and stains may occur like real teeth. It is important to clean the mouth and teeth regularly to avoid these problems.
You should consume less beverages such as tea or coffee, which can cause stains on the teeth, and make sure to clean your mouth after consumption. Also, do not apply excessive pressure on the teeth and gums during mouth and teeth cleaning. This can damage the real teeth, artificial teeth and gums. If all these are taken into consideration, the implant will not need any extra care or the use of special materials for maintenance.
What is Flapless (Sutureless) Surgery for Implants?
It is also possible to perform the screw tooth procedure without any incision on the gum. This technique is called flapless and can also be referred to as “sutureless screw tooth” or “incisionless implant”. It is possible to state that soft tissues are not damaged in the flapless technique. For this reason, the healing time is shorter and the healing process is much more comfortable for patients.
In the sutureless implant, a 3D image must be taken from inside the mouth. Thus, the dentist can make adjustments such as the angle and length of the implants in the digital environment. The artificial teeth to be placed on the screw are also planned digitally. Then the application phase is started and the missing tooth problem is eliminated.
The sutureless technique is not suitable for all patients and you should therefore discuss with your dentist whether you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. The seamless procedure does not cause any aesthetic or functional problems. However, it should be added that it does not shorten the lifespan of the implants.
Can Dental Implants Be Performed for Children?
Unless there is a very important necessity for children, it is not recommended to apply implants. The reason for this is that children have not yet completed their bone development. It is necessary to wait until they reach a certain age and complete their bone development.
Can Implant Teeth be Made in a State Hospital?
It is possible to have implant application in state hospitals. However, it should be added that there are some conditions for the implant procedure to be covered by the SSI. Only in certain and limited cases, this procedure can be performed in state hospitals. One of the frequently wondered factors is whether it is possible for people under the age of 18 to have a screw tooth in a state hospital.
It is possible if a medical board report has been prepared by 3 dentists and the main purpose of the treatment is not aesthetic concerns. The treatment must be performed within 6 months following the preparation of the medical board report. You can write all your questions and questions about the implant in the comments section.